Jewher Ilham was 18 when she and her father were set to board a plane to visit the United States in 2013 and Chinese authorities stopped and arrested him. At her father’s insistence, Jewher got on the plane without him.
She has spent the last five years trying to free her father, Ilham Tohti, who was sentenced to spend the rest of his life in prison for advocating respect for Uighur culture.
Jewher and Tohti are Uighur Muslims. Her father is an internationally known writer and economist in Beijing who wrote about cross-cultural issues between Uighurs, Han and other Chinese ethnic groups.
“He wanted to create a bridge to help people understand each other,” said Jewher, who was in Washington attending the State Department’s Ministerial to Advance Religious Freedom. The July 16–18 event brings together leaders from different governments, organizations and religions to address religious persecution.
However, Tohti’s “exercise of free speech, his intellectual defense of religious freedom, his fight for the Uighurs to be treated equally could not be tolerated by the Chinese,” Jewher said. Instead of working with the Uighurs, “the Chinese government decided to eliminate our culture.”
Since 2017, Chinese authorities have imprisoned more than 1 million Uighur, Kazakh and other members of ethnic Muslim minorities in Xinjiang, China. There they are tortured, forced to renounce their religion and required to praise the Chinese Communist Party.
Coming to America was the “best decision I have ever made,” Jewher said. In China, the “government only wants you to believe in the government;” they think if you have faith “you will be harder to control.”