Everything you need to know about the U.S. midterm elections

President Obama casting ballot on voting machine (AP Images)
An election worker watches as President Obama, right, prepares to vote during early voting for the midterm election October 20 in Chicago.

U.S. citizens are gearing up for the 2014 midterm elections — the nation-wide voting that takes place midway through the president’s four-year term. Currently, Republicans hold the majority of seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, while Democrats have a majority in the U.S. Senate. On November 4, Americans will vote to elect 435 members of the House of Representatives, 36 U.S. Senators, governors of 36 states, and thousands of state and local officials.

Democrat
Democrat
Republican
Republican

CONGRESSIONAL RACES

What is at stake?
Currently, Republicans control the House of Representatives and Democrats control the Senate:

Current HouseCurrent Senate
233 Republicans45 Republicans
199 Democrats53 Democrats
3 vacancies2 Independents
435 total
218 seats needed for majority
100 total
51 seats needed for majority
(All 435 House seats up for election)(36 of 100 Senate seats up for election)
Republicans hold 15 of the 36 contested seats, Democrats hold 21

GUBERNATORIAL RACES

governors in 36 of the 50 states

mid election map2

Seats are currently held by:22 Republicans13 Democrats1 Independent

Source: 2014.state-election.info


WHO CAN VOTE?
All U.S. citizens 18 and older who are registered to vote

Graphic reading "Elections 2016" (State Dept./J. Maruszewski)