Esta série Conversações Diárias é sobre uma família em viagem pelos 50 estados dos EUA. Junte-se a eles à medida que vão conhecendo as atividades de lazer e a história de cada lugar. Essas conversas são para alunos de inglês de nível intermediário ou superior.
Se você preferir acompanhar a lição apenas em inglês, clique aqui.
Neste diálogo, a família visita a Baía de Chesapeake em Maryland e conversa sobre a fauna e a flora existentes no local.
Sam: We made it to Maryland. Now we’re just a short trip away from visiting the White House.
Gina: True, but there’s a lot to see here. The Chesapeake Bay is an incredible, complex ecosystem.
Paul: That’s right. It includes important habitats. The bay and its rivers, wetlands, and forests are home to diverse groups of plants and animals.
Sam: I’m still disappointed we didn’t see any moose in Maine. I’m assuming there are no moose here. So what types of creatures can we see here?
Gina: There are so many different types of fish. Plus, we’ll most likely see crabs. Maryland is famous for blue crabs.
Claudine: Anything cuter than crabs and fish?
Paul: It’s likely we’ll see deer and squirrels, and we might see rabbits and foxes too.
Gina: And I’m hoping we don’t see a black bear.
Agora vamos rever o vocabulário.
The Chesapeake Bay [Baía de Chesapeake] is an estuary in the state of Maryland. An estuary [estuário; foz] is a semi-enclosed body of water. It is a place where freshwater (from streams and rivers) flows into the ocean and mixes with seawater.
Complex [complexo] means made of many different things that connect in complicated ways.
An ecosystem [ecossistema] is everything that exists in a particular environment, including living things (such as plants and animals) and things that are not living (such as rocks, soil, sunlight and water).
A habitat [hábitat] is a place where a particular type of animal or plant normally lives or grows.
Wetlands [zonas úmidas] are an area of land that is covered with shallow water. Although wetland is a countable noun, it is usually used in the plural form, wetlands.
Diverse [diverso] means varied; made up of many people or things that are different from one another.
Assume [supor; presumir] means to think that something is true without knowing for sure that it is true.
A creature [criatura] is a living thing, such as an animal.
Chesapeake blue crab [caranguejo-azul de Chesapeake] is a species of crab found in the waters of the western Atlantic Ocean.
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