Esta série Conversações Diárias é sobre uma família em viagem pelos 50 estados dos EUA. Junte-se a eles à medida que vão conhecendo as atividades de lazer e a história de cada lugar. Essas conversas são para alunos de inglês de nível intermediário ou superior.
Se você preferir acompanhar a lição apenas em inglês, clique aqui.
Neste diálogo, a família visita um parque muito incomum — o Parque Estadual Cratera de Diamantes no estado do Arkansas.
Sam: How long are we going to spend here? I want to stay until I find a diamond.
Gina: We’ll spend the day here, so keep your eyes peeled for diamonds.
Claudine: Is it really likely that we’ll find something?
Paul: The park opened 45 years ago, and since then, visitors have found more than 30,000 diamonds.
Claudine: Wow! That’s a lot. I’ve never looked for diamonds in volcanic soil before, so maybe I’ll have beginner’s luck and find one. And we don’t have to give diamonds we find to the park?
Paul: No, it’s finders keepers.
Sam: Why are there diamonds here? I didn’t know there were diamonds in the U.S. — except at the store, of course.
Gina: There was a volcanic eruption about 100 million years ago. Because of the eruption, rocks and minerals were brought to the surface. Over time, erosion has removed a lot of the soil, and the heavier stuff — like diamonds — remains.
Sam: That’s lucky for us! Now let’s start looking.
Agora vamos rever o vocabulário.
Crater of Diamonds State Park [Parque Estadual Cratera de Diamantes] is a state park in Arkansas and has the world’s only diamond site that the public can access. A state park is a protected area, usually created to protect and keep an area known for its beauty, historic importance, etc. State parks are managed by the government of each U.S. state. In contrast, a national park is managed by the national government.
To keep one’s eyes peeled [manter os olhos bem abertos] means to watch carefully for something or someone.
Volcanic soil [solo vulcânico] is from the volcanic ash from a volcano. A volcano is a mountain with a large hole at the top. Hot liquid rock, gases, steam and dust come out of the hole in the volcano. This is called a volcanic eruption [erupção vulcânica]. The gray or black powder that is left after the eruption is called volcanic ash. The volcanic ash then forms volcanic soil. (Soil is the top layer of earth. Plants, flowers, trees, etc., grow in soil.)
Beginner’s luck [sorte de iniciante] is unexpected success by someone who is doing an activity for the first time.
Finders keepers [achado não é roubado; expressão que indica que algo é de propriedade de quem achou primeiro] means that the person who finds something can keep it.
Erosion [erosão] is the gradual destruction of the surface of something by natural forces, such as water or wind.
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