Esta série Conversações Diárias é sobre uma família em viagem pelos 50 estados dos EUA. Junte-se a eles à medida que vão conhecendo as atividades de lazer e a história de cada lugar. Essas conversas são para alunos de inglês de nível intermediário ou superior.

Se você preferir acompanhar a lição apenas em inglês, clique aqui.

A família visita a capital do país e passa um tempo visitando museus e o Zoológico Nacional.


Sam: Now that we’re in Washington, D.C., I must know — what does D.C. mean?

Paul: It stands for District of Columbia. It shows that it is a special area and not a U.S. state.

Gina: And it’s a really special area. It’s home to all three branches of the U.S. government.

Claudine: Plus 16 Smithsonian museums and galleries and the National Zoo. And they’re all free!

Gina: That’s right. Did you choose which museums you want to go to today?

Sam: I want to go to the zoo. They have four giant pandas, including a new cub.

Paul: I read about that. Two of the pandas are on a 10-year loan from China.

Claudine: After we go to the zoo, I’d like to go to the National Museum of the American Indian. It has displays about the history of many indigenous cultures throughout the Americas.

Gina: This sounds like a plan for the day. And both the museum and the zoo are easy to get to via public transport.

Agora vamos rever o vocabulário.

The three branches of the U.S. government [três poderes do governo dos EUA] are the executive (the president), the legislative (Congress) and the judicial (the Supreme Court).

Smithsonian museums [museus do Instituto Smithsoniano] are a group of museums managed by the U.S. government. There are 19 Smithsonian museums (plus the National Zoo), and 16 of them are located in Washington, D.C. All of the museums and the zoo are free to enter.

A gallery (or art gallery) [galeria; galeria de arte] is a room or building in which people look at works of art (paintings, sculptures, etc.) and is usually open to the public.

A cub [filhote] is a baby bear, in this case a baby panda bear. Cub also means a baby of other animals, such as lions, leopards and wolves.

A loan [empréstimo] is the permission to use or keep something for a period of time. In this conversation, the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., has permission to keep two pandas for 10 years.

In a gallery, a display [exibição; mostra] is an arrangement of objects in order to inform people about something.

Indigenous [indígeno] means living naturally in a certain place or region; native.

Culture [cultura] is the customs, beliefs, art, etc., of a particular group or country.

Via [via; através de] means by means of; by using something.

Public transport (public transportation) [transporte público] is the system of transportation, such as buses or trains, provided by the government for people to use to travel from one place to another.

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