Conversações diárias: um dia na casa do presidente

Esta série Conversações Diárias é sobre uma família em viagem pelos 50 estados dos EUA. Junte-se a eles à medida que vão conhecendo as atividades de lazer e a história de cada lugar. Essas conversas são para alunos de inglês de nível intermediário ou superior.

Se você preferir acompanhar a lição apenas em inglês, clique aqui.

Neste diálogo, a família visita Monticello, na Virgínia, onde residiu o terceiro presidente dos EUA, Thomas Jefferson.

Sam: Did Thomas Jefferson live at Monticello when he was president?

Paul: No. He, like all other U.S. presidents, lived at the White House during his presidency. The only exception is George Washington.

Claudine: So he lived here before and after he was president?

Paul: That’s right. And he loved this place. Jefferson designed the house and was even buried on the grounds here.

Gina: And it was built as a plantation house. Remember, this was during the antebellum period, and this was part of the South.

Claudine: So Jefferson had slaves?

Gina: Yes. He had several hundred slaves during his lifetime.

Paul: But while we were in Pennsylvania, we learned that he drafted the Declaration of Independence. And that document states “that all men are created equal.” How could he have slaves and still think all men are equal?

Gina: That is a great question. Perhaps we’ll learn more about him today at Monticello that will help answer your question.

Agora vamos rever o vocabulário.

Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the United States.

Monticello was the home of Thomas Jefferson.

A presidency [Presidência] is the period of time a person is president.

To bury [enterrar] someone means that a person who is no longer alive is placed in a grave (a hole in the ground that is covered with dirt after the body is placed in it).

The land around a large building is called the grounds [terreno].

A plantation house [casa da plantação] is the main house of a plantation. A plantation is a large area of land where crops (such as cotton or wheat) are grown. During a period of time in the southern United States, plantation owners used slave labor to do the farming and other work on the plantation.

Antebellum [pré-guerra] means “before the war.” In the U.S., it refers to the time before the American Civil War. (For more information on the Civil War, see our Pennsylvania Everyday Conversation.)

To draft [rascunhar] a written document means to write the first version of it, before writing the final version of the document.

The Declaration of Independence [A Declaração de Independência] is a document that stated the 13 colonies in America were independent from Great Britain. It took effect on July 4, 1776. July 4 is a national holiday (called the Fourth of July and Independence Day) in the U.S.

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