Countries are taking collective action in response to the former Maduro regime's threat to peace and stability in Venezuela and the wider region.
Street demonstrations across Venezuela calling for democratic elections and restoration of basic services rose nearly 100% in 2019 from a year earlier.
Electricity blackouts and widespread medicine shortages mean that childbirth and motherhood present grave risks in Venezuela.
After government troops killed and injured several members of Venezuela's indigenous Pemon people in February, more than 1,300 fled to Brazil.
The Trump administration's latest sanctions bar business with the former Maduro regime while providing safeguards for humanitarian aid to Venezuela.
Extra-judicial killings, torture, political prisoners under the illegitimate regime of Maduro and his cronies. The numbers don't lie.
More than 3 million Venezuelans have been displaced from their country and forced to seek refuge in neighboring countries.
New U.S. sanctions target Iran's foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif, for profiting from the regime's malign activities and bribing foreign officials.
Associates of Nicolás Maduro used a subsidized-food program for personal enrichment, to reward political supporters and punish opponents.