Child with arms outstretched holding blanket and running into arms of man at train station (© Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)
A refugee child fleeing Ukraine is greeted by a relative waiting for her at the train station March 17 in Záhony, Hungary. (© Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

Governments, concerned citizens and a wide range of organizations are aiding Ukrainians fleeing the horrors of Vladimir Putin’s brutal war.

The Russian military’s constant bombardment of Ukrainian homes and communities has forced more than 5.3 million people to flee to neighboring countries.

The U.S. government has provided more than $300 million (PDF, 348KB) in humanitarian assistance to help people affected by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine — the most of any country — while the generosity of American organizations and individuals has helped to provide medicine, food and shelter.

Ukraine’s neighbors, and nations beyond, are doing their part, offering help and hope. Here are a few examples.


Crowd of refugees standing together at night near line of buses (© Daniel Cole/AP Images)
(© Daniel Cole/AP Images)

Poland has taken in nearly 3 million Ukrainian refugees, more than all other countries. Above, refugees from Ukraine form a line as they approach the border with Poland March 6 in Shehyni, Ukraine.

Woman holding crying child (© Visar Kryeziu/AP Images)
(© Visar Kryeziu/AP Images)

Poland’s government has promised Ukrainian refugees they can stay in the country for up to 180 days and access certain social benefits. Above a woman and child from Ukraine arrive March 7 at the border crossing in Medyka.


Woman lying on mattress on floor, holding baby in air and smiling (© Armend Nimani/AFP/Getty Images)
(© Armend Nimani/AFP/Getty Images)

More than 800,000 Ukrainians have crossed into Romania, including Victoria, above, a refugee from Chernivtsi on March 17. She and her baby are at a sports arena converted into a temporary shelter in the town of Dumbrăveni.

Woman holding child close in dark outdoor area (© Andreea Alexandru/AP Images)
(© Andreea Alexandru/AP Images)

A woman holds a child after crossing the border from Ukraine at the Romanian-Ukrainian border, in Siret, Romania, on February 25.


Woman holding sign offering help to refugees as people walk past train at station (© Janos Kummer/Getty Images)
(© Janos Kummer/Getty Images)

More than a half-million Ukrainians have fled to Hungary. Many find offers of help as soon as they arrive. Above, at the Western Railway Station March 5 in Budapest, a woman holds a sign that says, “Can I help you?”

People gathering around table looking at information on mobile phone (© Janos Kummer/Getty Images)
(© Janos Kummer/Getty Images)

Aid organizations are plentiful. Above, one organization helps to find free accommodations for refugees who crossed the border March 5 into Budapest.


Two women filling containers with food (© Daniel Mihailescu/AFP/Getty Images)
(© Daniel Mihailescu/AFP/Getty Images)

Moldova’s resident population is only 2.59 million people, but it has accepted the most refugees per capita — more than 400,000. Above, volunteers prepare food for Ukrainians hosted by residents March 29 in Sireti village.

Girl wearing pink headphones sitting at table, writing (© Israel Fuguemann/SOPA Images/LightRocket/Getty Images)
(© Israel Fuguemann/SOPA Images/LightRocket/Getty Images)

An 8-year-old girl from Ukraine studies at a desk inside the food hall at the Costesti resort hotel in Chisinau, where dozens of families displaced by the war found a place to shelter and rest.


Small boy looking out of bus window next to woman (© Darko Vojinovic/AP images)
(© Darko Vojinovic/AP images)

Slovakia has welcomed more than 300,000 refugees from Ukraine, including this small boy looking out a bus window after crossing the border in Vyšné Nemecké on March 3.

Czech Republic

Girls holding hands while practicing ballet (© Michal Cizek/AFP/Getty Images)
(© Michal Cizek/AFP/Getty Images)

Among nonbordering states, the Czech Republic has received the highest number of refugees from Ukraine — more than 300,000. Above, Ukrainian children take a ballet lesson organized for children affected by the war April 13 at the State Opera in Prague.


Priest giving communion to people in coats in ornate church (© Hristo Rusev/Getty Images)
(© Hristo Rusev/Getty Images)

More than 236,000 Ukrainian refugees have entered Bulgaria. Above, refugees take communion during a mass at Church of the Assumption on March 6 in Nessebar.